Our division has a long history of excellence in research. Our faculty members hold millions of dollars in peer reviewed research funding, and publish articles in the highest impact journals (e.g. in the Nature and Cell series, and the New England Journal of Medicine). Our work crosses all research disciplines and over the years has resulted in numerous improvements in patient care. Almost our entire clinical faculty participates in research, as most of our clinicians are appointed as clinician-investigators, whose job description includes a mix of clinical work, teaching, and research. We also have several faculty members whose job description includes an even greater focus on research, some of which are exclusively focused on research (non-clinician scientists) and others who are clinicians who have a greater research focus than clinician-investigators (clinician scientists). There are also scores of faculty from other disciplines across the University working on research related to orthopaedics (e.g. in the basic science departments, dentistry, the rehabilitation sector, IBBME, and physical education) some of who have adjunct appointments in our division. As such, graduate students, post-doctoral research fellows, and residents wanting to participate in graduate training through the surgeon-scientist program have an incredible breath of top notch faculty members to train under.