Welcome to the
Division of Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics at the U of T has a long tradition of developing innovative treatment approaches, performing research of the highest quality, developing new education programs, and providing clinical care of the highest quality possible. We are leaders in the field, and our faculty members play leadership roles nationally, and internationally. Read more »

Division Chairs for Orthopaedics - University of Toronto Orthopaedic Chairs 1976 - Today.
From left to right - Ben Alman (2006-Today), James Waddell (1996-2006), Robert Salter (1976-1986), Allan Gross (1986-1996).

Richards, Dr. Robin

Robin Richards
Richards, Dr. Robin
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
2075 Bayview Ave., D5-75 
Toronto, ON
M4N 3M5
Fax: 416 480-4925
Email: robin.richards@sunnybrook.ca

Specialty Interest:
Upper Extremity

Kim Mason, Executive Assistant
Tel: 416 480-5051
Email: kim.mason@sunnybrook.ca

Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto
Medical Director, WSIB Shoulder and Elbow Clinic, Orthopaedic and Arthritic Institute
Deputy Editor for the Upper Extremity, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (Am)
Secretary and Past President, Ontario Orthopaedic Association
Secretary-Treasurer, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons

59. Richards RR: Fat embolism syndrome. Canadian Journal of Surgery 1997: 40: pp 334-339. PA

60. Elmaraghy A, Humeniuk B, Anderson GI, Schemitsch EH, Richards RR: The role of methylmetacrylate monomer in the formation and hemodynamic outcome of pulmonary fat emboli. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1998: 80B: pp 156-161. CPA

61. Jain R, Podworny N, Hearn T, Richards RR, Schemitsch EH: A biomechanical evaluation of different plates for fixation of canine radial osteotomies. Journal of Trauma 1998: 44: pp 193-197. C

62. Turchin DC, Beaton DE, Richards RR: Validity of observer-based aggregate scoring systems as descriptors of elbow pain, function, and disability. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1998: 80A: pp 154-162. PA

63. Beaton D, Richards R: Assessing the reliability and responsiveness of five shoulder questionnaires. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 1998: 7: pp 565-572. CPA

64. Beauchamp M, Beaton DE, Barnhill TA, Mackay M, Richards RR: Functional outcome following the L'Episcopo procedure. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 1998: 7: pp 90-96. CPA

65. Elmaraghy AW, Schemitsch EH, Richards RR: Femoral and cruciate blood flow after retrograde femoral reaming. A canine study using laser Doppler flowmetry. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 1998: 12: pp 253-258. C

66. Schemitsch EH, Turchin DC, Anderson GI, Byrick RJ, Mullen JB, Richards RR: Pulmonary and systemic fat embolization after medullary canal pressurization: A hemodynamic and histologic investigation in the dog. J of Trauma 1998: 45: pp 738-742. CPA

67. Van Brenk B, Richards RR, Mackay MB, Boynton EL: A biomechanical assessment of ligaments preventing dorsoradial subluxation of the trapeziometacarpal joint. J Hand Surg 1998: 23A: pp 607-611. C

68. Tang CL, Mahoney JL, McKee M, Richards R, Waddell JP, Louie B: Donor site morbidity following vascularized fibular grafting. Microsurgery 1999: 18: pp 383-386. C

69. Elmaraghy AW, Aksenov S, Byrick RJ, Richards RR, Schemitsch EH: Pathophysiological effect of fat embolism in a canine model of pulmonary contusion. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 1999: 81A: pp 1155. C

70. King GJW, Richards RR, Zuckerman JD, Blasier R, Dillman C, Friedman RJ, Gartsman GM, Iannotti JP, Mow VC, Woo SLY: A standardized method for assessment of elbow function. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 1999: 8: pp 351-354. C

71. Louie BE, McKee MD, Richards RR, Mahoney JL, Waddell JP, Beaton DE, Schemitsch EH, Yoo DJ: Treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head by free vascularized fibular grafting. An analysis of surgical outcome and patient health status. Canadian Journal of Surgery 1999: 42: pp 274-283. SRI

72. McKee MD, Wilson TL, Winston L, Schemitsch EH, Richards RR: Functional Outcome Following Surgical Treatment of Intra-Articular Distal Humeral Fractures Through a Posterior Approach. JBoneJointSurg 2000: 82A: pp 1701-1707. C

73. McKee MD, Waddell JP, Kudo PA, Schemitsch EH, Richards RR: Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head in Men Following Short Course Corticosteroid Therapy: A Report of 15 Cases. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2001: 164: pp 205-206. CPA

74. ElMaraghy AW, Nousianen M, Richards RR, Schemitsch EH: The influence of number of cortices on the stiffness of plate fixation in constructs diaphyseal fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 2001: 15: pp 186-191. C

75. Bhandari M, Sprague S, Richards RR, Schemitsch EH: The Quality of Reporting of Randomized Trials in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery from 1988-2000. Control Clin Trials 2001. C

76. McKee MD, Pugh DM, Richards RR, Pederson E, Schemitsch EH: The effect of humeral condylar resection on sterngth and functional outcome following semi-constrained total elbow arthroplasty. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American) 2003: 85: pp 802-807. C

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Clinical & Applied Basic Research
Practice Interests & Areas of Subspecialization
Books & Book Chapters
Recent Publications
Medical/Scientific Organizations-Memberships

Clinical & Applied Basic Research:

Development and scientific assessment of self-completed functional questionnaires for upper extremity outcome assessment.

Occupational upper extremity disorders

Determinants of outcome following upper extremity reconstruction

Practice Interests & Areas of Subspecialization:

Soft tissue procedures to control joint instabilities in the upper extremity.

The surgical treatment of irreparable brachial plexus injury.

Arthroplastic reconstruction of the shoulder and elbow.

The treatment of chronic disorders of the forearm.

Wrist reconstruction.

Books & Book Chapters:
12. Richards RR: Soft Tissue Reconstruction in the Upper Extremity. Soft tissue reconstruction in the upper extremity. Churchill Livingstone, New York 1995: pp 1-314. PA

13. Richards RR, Thompson RC, Craig EV,: Shoulder arthrodesis. In: Master Techniques in Orthopaedic Surgery (Craig EV, ed). 1995: pp 385-396. PA

14. Richards RR Corley F: Fractures of the shafts of the radius and ulna. In: Fractures, 4th Edition (Rockwood CA Green DP, ed). JB Lippincott, Philadelphia, PA 1996: pp 870-873. PA

15. Richards RR: Redefining indications and problems of shoulder arthrodesis. In: Complex and revision problems in shoulder surgery (Warner JP, Iannotti JP, Gerber C, eds). Lippincott-Raven, Philadelphia 1997: pp 319-338. PA

16. Richards RR: Shoulder instability. In: Orthopaedic Surgery. A Clinical and Basic Science Overview (Joseph E. Imbriglia, MD Mark E. Baratz, MD, eds). 1997. PA

17. Jupiter J, Fernandez DL, Whipple TL, Richards RR: Intra-articular fractures of the distal radius: contemporary perspectives. In: Instructional Course Lectures (Cannon WD, ed). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1998: pp 191-202. C

18. Richards R: Arthrodesis of the glenohumeral joint. In: An Atlas of Shoulder Surgery (Fu FH, Ticker JB, Imhoff AB, eds). Martin Dunitz Ltd., 1998: pp 211-221. PA

19. Richards R: Multicenter experience with free vascularized fibular grafts for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The Toronto Experience. In: Osteonecrosis. Etiology, Diagnosis and Treatment (Urbaniak JR, Jones JP, eds). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1998: pp 341-343. PA

20. Richards R: Sepsis of the Shoulder: Molecular Mechanisms and Pathogenesis. In: The Shoulder. Second Edition (Rockwood CA, Matsen FA, eds). W.B. Saunders Co., 1998: pp 1170-1188. PA

21. Richards RR: Glenohumeral arthrodesis. In: Disorders of the Shoulder: Diagnosis and Management (Joseph P. Iannotti Gerald R. Williams, ed). Lippincott - Raven, Philadelphia 1999. PA

22. Richards R: Shoulder Instability. In: Orthopaedic surgery: The essentials (M.E. Baratz, A.D. Watson, J.E. Imbriglia, eds). Thieme Medical Publishers Inc., New York 1999: pp 257-274. PA

23. Richards R: Fractures of the shafts of the radius and ulna. In: Rockwood and Green's Fractures in Adults 5th Edition Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA 2001: pp 869-920. PA

24. Richards R: Outcome Analysis in the Shoulder and Elbow. In: Shoulder and Elbow Orthopaedic Knowledge Update. Second Edition. (T. Norris, ed). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Chicago, Illinois 2002: pp 421-431. PA

25. Richards, R: General Deep Approaches: Anterior Approaches. In: Techniques in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (Dr. Shawn O'Driscoll, ed). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkens, Philadelphia 2002. PA

26. Richards, Robin R: Arthrodesis of the Osteoarthritic Wrist. In: The Wrist. 2nd Edition (Richard H. Gelberman, ed). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia 2002: pp 249-266. PA

27. Richards, Robin: Tendon Transfers for Failed Nerve Reconstruction. Clinics in Plastic Surgery (Susan E. MacKinnon, ed). W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia 2003: pp 223-245. PA

28. R. Richards: Sepsis of the Shoulder: Molecular Mechanisms and Pathogenesis. In: Rockwood & Matsen: The Shoulder, 3rd Edition (Rockwood Jr CA , Matsen FA III, Wirth MA, & Lippitt SB, eds). Saunders, 2004: pp 1233-1256. PA


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Medical/Scientific Organizations-Memberships:
- ABC Orthopaedic Club
- Academic Orthopaedic Society
- Alpha Club
- American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons International Affiliate Member
- American Orthopaedic Association
- American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons
- American Society for Surgery of the Hand
- Canadian Association for Medical Education
- Canadian Association of University Surgeons
- Canadian Medical Association
- Canadian Orthopaedic Research Society
- GAM Canada (Groupe Pour l'Avancement de la Microchirurgie Canada)
- Little Orthopaedic Club
- MANUS Canada (Canadian Society for Surgery of the Hand)
- Ontario Medical Association
- Ontario Orthopaedic Association
- Orthopaedic Research Society
- Orthopaedic Trauma Association
- Piedmont Orthopaedic Society
- Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
- SIROT (Societe Internationale de Recherche Orthopedique et de Traumatologie)
- Trauma Association of Canada