Residency ProgramThe orthopaedic program at the University of Toronto consists of five years of clinical training following graduation from medical school in addition to one compulsory year of research training for a total of six postgraduate years of training. At the conclusion of training it is anticipated that the candidates will be successful in the fellowship examinations of the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada. In order to meet the criteria for these examinations the residents must complete at least 36 months of orthopaedic training and one year of non-specialty training. In addition to qualify for the Medical Council of Canada qualifying examinations and licenseship provisions of various provincial colleges all candidates must satisfactorily complete a two ear internship as mandated by the Medical Council of Canada. This combination of requirements has been met by the Orthopaedic Training Program in an innovative fashion by combining a minimum of three and a half years of orthopaedic training and one and a half years related to other surgical or non-surgical specialties relative to orthopaedic surgery.